•over 1 year ago
In this tutorial, we’ll build a functional clone of iMessage using Stream Chat iOS SDK. Building a messaging app used to be difficult; but in this tutorial, you’ll get a chat experience up and running in roughly 20 minutes!
If you get lost during this tutorial, you can check:
The result of our application will look similar to the following screenshots:
Let’s get started! 🚀
For this tutorial we are going to use CocoaPods as dependency manager. For convenience, we also publish the SDK on Cartage and Swift Package Manager.
If you do not currently have CocoaPods installed, or your cocoapods is outdated, you can update/install it by running the following command:
Cloning the iMessage Clone Starter Branch
Start by cloning the starter branch of the WhatsApp Clone Github repo:
and install dependencies:
After all of our pods are installed, you can open the Xcode workspace:
starter branch sets up the project and dependencies so we can jump right into coding! You can also create a new project; in that case, please make sure your
Podfile is the same as that in the repo.
Configuring The Stream Chat Client
The first thing we need to do is configure our
Client with our API key. Open your
AppDelegate file and edit your
didFinishLaunchingWithOptions function, so it looks like this:
Note: You can find your API key in the Stream Dashboard. To create an application, head over to https://getstream.io/chat/ and create a free account. Once created, click on the "Chat" tab within the dashboard. You will see that an application has been pre-provisioned for you. Within that application, you can find your credentials (API key and secret). After that, you can put your API secret and desired user id in this token generator to get the user token: https://getstream.io/chat/docs/token_generator/
Now that you've done that let's go ahead and move on.
Creating the Contacts Screen
We’ll start by creating a contacts (chats) view controller and make it look like that in the iMessage app. We’ll name it
Please create a new swift file and name it as shown above.
Note: If you’ve created a new project, rename your
ViewController.swiftand use it instead.
Then, paste these contents inside:
Main.storyboard and change the view controller class to
and embed the entry view controller inside a navigation controller:
After you’ve embedded a navigation controller, select your navigation item in a navigation controller and tick “Prefers Large Titles”:
Now to display the chats! Paste these lines into your
Now, if you run the app, you’ll see that our contacts screen already looks a lot like iMessage, and we have only just used the customization options provided by Stream Chat:
Our contacts cells lack the blue dot showing the unread status of a chat, the chevron symbol next to the dates, and the date texts are not formatted to look like iMessage. Let’s fix that!
For these kinds of things for which Stream Chat does not provide an API, we can subclass Stream Chat’s classes and add our functionality. Let’s do that!
Create a new file named
ContactListCell.swift and paste these contents:
We’ve extended Stream Chat’s
ChannelTableViewCell to add our components (unread indicator and date accessory), and we’ve overridden
update(date:) function to display our date string.
To be able to use our new cell, we need to add some code inside
tableView.tableFooterView = nil line:
and paste this new function:
You only need to register your cell type, dequeuing is done automatically by our SDK and overriding updateChannelCell is enough for customizing your cell.
Now if you run it, you’ll see that we were able to implement the missing features:
Building the Messaging Screen
Now, we move onto the Messaging screen. Currently, we haven’t touched it yet, so it looks nothing like iMessage:
Let’s start customizing our screen!
Paste this code inside
If you run the app now, you’ll see colors and message bubbles look like those of iMessage, but the navigation bar title is buggy, as it displays a significantly larger title. In addition, we are missing some UI buttons that iMessage has built-in.
To fix the “large title situation” (and implement our custom navigation item title), we have to subclass Stream Chat’s
Create a new swift file and name it
MessagesViewController.swift. Then, paste in the contents:
We’ve added a new class
ChatNavigationTitleView to imitate iMessage’s title view. It’s not the same, since iOS restricts our access to the navigation bar, but it’s close enough! We could’ve used a custom navigation bar to imitate 1-1, but it’d be another tutorial, then…
To use our new
MessagesViewController, we need to add this into our
This completes our work in
ContactsViewController 🎉 If you run the app now, you'll see that our messages screen looks a lot more like iMessage now. But we still have some UI buttons to add to make it look more like iMessage. Let's add them now.
Add these in your
MessagesViewController as properties:
Then, add the
Lastly, add this call to your
viewDidLoad (as the last call):
and now run the app:
We have now completed the messaging section of our iMessage imitator, using Stream Chat’s API! If you want to take this further, make sure to check the Stream docs and our iOS chat SDKto find out all the features that are available to you.
This concludes our tutorial, happy coding! 🎉