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Change detection

For performance reasons, the Stream chat WebSocket connection is opened outside of the Angular change detection zone. This means that when we react to WebSocket events, Angular won't update the UI in response to these events. Furthermore, if a new component is created reacting to a WebSocket event (for example, if we receive a new message, and a new message component is created to display the new message), the new component will operate outside of the Angular change detection zone. To solve this problem, we need to reenter Angular's change detection zone.

Reentering Angular's change detection zone

You can reenter Angular's change detection zone with the run method of the NgZone service. For example if you want to display a notification when a user is added to a channel, you can watch for the notification.added_to_channel event and return to the zone when that event is received:

import { Component, NgZone, OnInit } from "@angular/core";
import { filter } from "rxjs/operators";
import { ChatClientService, NotificationService } from "stream-chat-angular";

selector: "app-root",
templateUrl: "./app.component.html",
styleUrls: ["./app.component.scss"],
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {
private chatService: ChatClientService,
private notificationService: NotificationService,
private ngZone: NgZone
) {}

ngOnInit(): void {$
.pipe(filter((n) => n.eventType === "notification.added_to_channel"))
.subscribe((notification) => {
// reenter Angular's change detection zone => {
`You've been added to the ${} channel`,

If you were to display the notification without reentering Angular's zone, the addTemporaryNotification would run outside of Angular's change detection zone, and the notification wouldn't disappear after the 5-second timeout.

When necessary to reenter the zone

You need to reenter Angular's change detection zone when

  • you subscribe to events using the events$ Observable of the ChatClientService
  • you subscribe to channel events

For example the ChannelPreview component needs to subscribe to the channel events to know if the channel has unread messages and reenter Angular's zone when an event is received:"", () => => {
this.isUnread = !! && this.canSendReadEvents;

When unnecessary to reenter the zone

You don't need to reenter the zone when

If you are unsure whether or not you are in Angular's zone, you can use the following function call to check:


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