Moderation Tools

LAST EDIT Jul 25 2024



Any user is allowed to flag a message. This triggers the message.flagged webhook event and adds the message to the inbox of your Stream Dashboard Chat Moderation view.

Reasons & custom data


You can enhance flags by associating them with a specific reason and custom data. It is advisable to utilise a slug or keyword as a designated reason for easy translation or other forms of display customisation.

The custom data can encompass any object, offering supplementary metadata to the flag.

The Query Message Flags endpoint retrieves both reasons and custom data, and the reason can also be utilised for filtering these flags.

Query Message Flags


If you prefer to build your own in-app moderation dashboard, rather than use the Stream dashboard, then the query message flags endpoint lets you get flagged messages. Similar to other queries in Stream Chat, you can filter the flags using query operators.

Both server-authenticated and user-authenticated clients can use this method. For client-side requests, the user needs moderator or admin permissions. This default behavior is controlled by the ReadMessageFlags permission and can be customized if needed. Read our permissions documentation to learn more.






The channel CID of the flagged message. This parameter can only be omitted serverside.

{ channel_cid :{$in:["livestream:1","livestream:2"]}}

$eq, $in


The ID of the user that sent the message.

{"user_id": "12"}

$eq, $in


If the message flag has been reviewed in the dashboard.




The team of the related channel

{"team": "red"}

$eq, $in

Pagination for message flags can be done using the offset/limit options. Flags are returned in ascending order of creation, starting from the most recent flag.



Any user is allowed to mute another user. Mutes are stored at the user level and returned with the rest of the user information when connectUser is called. A user will be muted until the user is unmuted or the mute is expired.

timeoutnumberThe timeout in minutes until the mute is limit

After muting a user messages will still be delivered via web-socket. Implementing business logic such as hiding messages from muted users or displaying them differently is left to the developer to implement.

Messages from muted users are not delivered via push (APN/Firebase)



Users can be banned from an app entirely or from a channel. When a user is banned, they will not be allowed to post messages until the ban is removed or expired but will be able to connect to Chat and to channels as before.

Channel watchers cannot be banned.

It is also possible to ban the user's last known IP address to prevent the creation of new "throw-away" accounts. This type of ban is only applicable on the app level. We do not recommend applying an IP ban without a reasonable timeout, however, this is not restricted. The IP address will be unbanned either after reaching a timeout or with explicit user unban.

In most cases, only admins or moderators are allowed to ban other users from a channel.

timeoutnumberThe timeout in minutes until the ban is automatically limit
reasonstringThe reason that the ban was created.
ip_banbooleanWhether or not to apply IP address banfalse
banned_by_idstringThe ID of the user who is performing the ban. This is required only when using API from the server-side
Banning a user from all channels can only be done using server-side auth.

Query Banned Users


Banned users can be retrieved in different ways:

  1. Using the dedicated query bans endpoint

  2. User Search: you can add the banned: true condition to your search. Please note that this will only return users that were banned at the app level and not the ones that were banned only on channels.

Query Bans Endpoint


The query bans endpoint allows you to list bans for your application. Similar to other query endpoints, you can filter bans by different fields and control the ordering of results.

Globally banned users can only be retrieved using server-side auth

Available fields







The channel CID for the ban. When this parameter is not provided, both global and channel bans will be returned.

{ channel_cid :{$in:["livestream:1","livestream:2"]}}

$eq, $in


The ID of the banned user

{ user_id: "evil_user" }

$eq, $in, $neq, $nin


The date (RFC339) of the ban creation

{ created_at: {$gt: "2020-10-02T15:00:00Z"} }

$eq, $gt, $gte, $lt, $lte


The ID of the user that created the ban

{ banned_by_id: "42"}

$eq, $in, $neq, $nin

Pagination for bans can be done in two ways: using offset/limit or using the created_at field. Bans are returned in ascending order by default so to get the second page you need to request bans with created_at less than the created_at of the last ban on the first page. Ordering can be reversed using the sort option.

Shadow Ban


Instead of a default ban, you can shadow ban users from a channel, set of channels, or an entire App. When a user is shadow banned, they will still be allowed to post messages, but any message sent during the ban will only be visible to the author of the message and invisible to other users of the App.

Shadow banning can delay a persistent bad actor from attempting ban evasion techniques by obfuscating the fact that a ban has occurred for them. Since a shadow ban's effectiveness relies on it not being discovered, shadow bans work best in chats with a high volume of messages and fast velocity where the offending user's messages not receiving engagement appears plausible; think livestreams.

Messages from a shadow banned user will include the shadowed: true flag on the message object. This flag is only visible to users other than the shadow banned user, so the offender will not be able to recognize that they are shadow banned even if they use developer tools to inspect responses from the API. You will need to implement UI logic for how your application will handle shadowed messages. Having the client hide these messages for everybody other than the user sending them is a common approach.

timeoutnumberThe timeout in minutes until the ban is automatically
reasonstringThe reason that the ban was created.-
ip_banbooleanWhether or not to apply IP address banfalse
banned_by_idstringThe ID of the user who is performing the ban. This is required only when using API from the server-side-

Administrators can view shadow banned user status in queryChannels(), queryMembers() and queryUsers().

Block Lists


A list of words you can define to moderate chat messages. A blocklist can be assigned to each channel type to either block or flag messages that contain these words. More information can be found here.

Automated Moderation for Chat


Stream AutoMod uses an AI-based classification system to detect various types of bad content. The tool is powered by AI, an is highly configurable for each channel type to assist the manual work of human moderators. You can learn more here.